Mustard requires a fine, firm and moist seed
bed for optimum germination of the seeds and growth of the young
Mustard generally gives optimum production in
well fertilized sandy to sandy loam soils with adequate
It requires fine, firm and moist seed bed.
The land can be prepared by giving one
ploughing followed by discing or planking.
Deep ploughing should be done to expose the
soil borne pathogen and the hibernating stage of the
Destruction of plant debris and earlier crop
If the field is having weed problem, then
stale seed bed technique can be used.
Let a heavy flush of weeds be emerged and
then destroy it with herbicide before sowing the crop, without
any tillage on it.
Most of the weeds seed germinate from the top
5cm of soil surface in about a week's time, these weed seedlings
can be destroyed either with a contact herbicide or by shallow
type tillage implements like spike tooth harrow.
In stale seed bed technique depending upon
the availability of time and resources one or two flushes of
weeds can be destroyed before planting of the crop.