Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Jabalpur - A Profile

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    University historical development and background

    Government of India with the assistance of the State Government established the biggest multi-campus university at Jabalpur, in the heart of India, named after the architect of modern India, Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru based on the recommendations of Radhakrishnan Commission (1949) on the concept of Establishment of Agricultural University. An approach was envisaged to narrowed down the gap between the experts and farmers through Joint Indo-American Team on Agricultural Research and Education in 1954-55 and 1959-60 on the patterns of Land Grant Colleges of USA. On October 2, 1964, Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya (JNKVV) was inaugurated by the then Union Minister for Information and Broadcasting Smt. Indira Gandhi. 
    The Central Administrative Office of the University is located about 7 km North of Jabalpur town on National Highway No. 7. The University was created by an act of Madhya Pradesh Legislature passed in 1963.
    The University had to part with the creation of sister universities Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya (IGKV) at Raipur in 1987,  Rajmata Vijayaraje Scindhia Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Gwalior in 2008 and Nanaji Deshmukh Veterinary Science University, Jabalpur in 2009.
    At present, the University holds an area of about 1544 ha of land. The area under the University jurisdiction contains alluvial, deep black, medium black, shallow and light black, mixed red and black, mixed red and yellow and skeletal or gravelly soil. It is low to medium in available nitrogen and phosphorus, and medium to high in available potassium.
    At present, JNKVV encompasses five Colleges of Agriculture (Jabalpur, Rewa, Tikamgarh, Ganjbasoda and Waraseoni); one Agricultural Engineering (Jabalpur); 4 Zonal Agricultural Research Stations (ZARS) (Jabalpur, Powarkheda, Tikamgarh and Chhindwara); 4 Regional Agricultural Research Stations (Rewa, Sagar, Dindori and Waraseoni); 4 Agricultural Research Stations (ARS) (Naugaon, Garhakota, Sausar and Tendini) and 20 Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVK) representing 6 agro-climatic zones spread over 25 districts.
    JNKVV has produced competent human resource for managing the activities of agriculture and allied sectors and also played a pivotal role in the growth and development of agriculture in the State; need based research and its rapid dissemination in the past have led to several improved technologies, which over the year are visible in terms of increased production and productivity of crops on sustainable basis. Research on dry-land agriculture production system renders sustainability to productivity and insured efficient use of natural resources. The State ranks first in pulses, second in oilseeds and third in cereal production at the national level. The states contribution to the national food basket is about 10%. Recently, in January 2013, the State received “Krishi Karman Award” at National Level.

    Mission

    • To impart education, research and extension activities effectively for enhancing production, productivity and profitability of agriculture and allied systems in a sustainable manner.

    Mandate

    • To serve as a centre of teaching in the field of Agriculture and Allied Sciences.
    • To conduct basic, strategic, applied and anticipatory research in the field of Agriculture and Allied Sciences.
    • To disseminate technology to farmers, extension personnel and organizations engaged in agricultural development through various extension programmes.

    Vision
    The JNKVV has documented the plan to introspect the future needs and challenges. Vision-2020 covers the present and past achievements and its impact, SWOT analysis providing a frame work of programmes for meeting the goals with providing services for better rural livelihood and resource poor farming community.
    The core-motto of JNKVV believes that Agriculture Sustains Life. In Madhya Pradesh, JNKVV is providing equal opportunities of education, research and extension activities for enhancing productivity, profitability and sustainability of agricultural production system and quality of rural livelihood. The University addresses and is committed to render services to combat upcoming challenges of the rural sectors.
    Organizational Set-up
    His Excellency, the Governor of Madhya Pradesh is the Chancellor of the University. The Vice Chancellor, Chief Executive of the University is supported by

    • Board of Management
    • Academic Council
    • Administrative Council
    • Research Council
    • Extension Education Council
    • Council of Post Graduate Studies

    The responsibilities for planning and activities of research are shouldered by Directorate of Research Services; human-resource-management by Directorate of Instruction; and dissemination and transfer of technology by Directorate of Extension Services. 
    The University encompasses Faculty of Agriculture and Faculty of Agricultural Engineering being headed by Dean Faculty. Constituent Colleges of each faculty are administered by the respective Dean while each of the department is headed by respective University Professor & Head. The placement and counseling of students are governed by Dean Students Welfare while the farm and seed production activities are administered by Director Farm, JNKVV, Jabalpur.
    Vice Chancellor is supported by Registrar and Comptroller for administrative and fiscal matters.

  • Table 1: Vice Chancellors from the inception of the University
  • S.
    No.

    Vice Chancellor

    P e r i o d

     

    From

    To

    Remarks

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    Dr. J.S. Patel 01/10/1964 19/03/1968 Regular
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    Dr. L.S. Negi 20/03/1968 07/05/1972 Regular
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    Shri S.C. Verma 08/05/1972 25/10/1972 Officiating
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    Dr. C. Thakur 26/10/1972 30/03/1975 Regular
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    Shri E.B. Rainboth 31/03/1975 19/09/1975 Officiating
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    Dr. R.L. Kaushal 20/09/1975 09/02/1978 Regular
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    Shri S.N. Sakale 10/02/1978 31/05/1978 Officiating
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    Dr. R.V. Ramakrishna 01/06/1978 15/03/1979 Regular
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    Maj. A.B. Sharma 16/03/1979 17/06/1979 Officiating
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    Dr. Sukhdev Singh 18/06/1979 20/11/1981 Regular
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    Prof. S.V. Arya 21/11/1981 05/04/1982 Officiating
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    Prof. S.V. Arya 06/04/1982 05/04/1987 Regular
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    Dr. D.K. Sharma 06/04/1987 05/04/1992 Regular
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    Dr. K.S. Johar 06/04/1992 08/04/1997 Regular
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    Dr. Panjab Singh 09/04/1997 09/04/2000 Regular
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    Dr. A.S. Tiwari 10/04/2000 03/12/2000 Officiating
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    Dr. G.B. Singh 04/12/2000 24/02/2002 Regular
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    Dr. A.S. Tiwari 25/02/2002 30/06/2002 Officiating
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    Dr. R.K. Gupta 30/06/2002 11/07/2002 Officiating
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    Dr. D.P. Singh 12/07/2002 12/07/2007 Regular
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    Prof. Gautam Kalloo 13/07/2007 12/07/2012 Regular
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    Dr. N.N. Pathak 12/07/2012 22/11/2012 Officiating
    •  
    Prof. Vijay Singh Tomar 23/11/2012 Continue Regular

Organizational set up
Vice Chancellor is the Chief Executive of the University and supported by the
l       Board of Management              
l       Academic Council                     
l       Administrative Council
l       Extension Education Council                
l       Council for Post Graduate Studies
For human resource management and teaching, Director Instruction; research activities, Director Research Services and extension activities, Director Extension Services shoulder the responsibilities.
The university encompasses Faculty of Agriculture and Faculty of Agricultural Engineering headed by respective faculty Dean. Constituent Colleges of each faculty are administrated by respective Deans. Head of the Departments are the key person for research and teaching of the respective discipline.
Registrar and Comptroller support the Vice Chancellor in administration and financial matters.

Some historical achievements
l       The establishment of Agricultural Research Station, Powarkheda (1903), Agriculture Farm, Chhindwara (1920) and College of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry, Jabalpur (1948) are the historical landmarks.
l       Systematic studies on cultivation and breeding of soybean during late 1960's,  triggered the oil seed revolution. Its miraculous impact on socio-economic status of farmers and edible oil-sector in India is  a landmark.
l       At national level, Madhya Pradesh ranks first in pulses, second in oil seeds, third in cereal production and tops in breeder's seed production due to successful research programme of JNKVV which  developed  156  varieties of 37 crops.

Research
Multidisciplinary research of applied nature is conducted in National Resource Management, Crop Improvement, Crop Protection, Post Harvest Technology and Farm Machinery. These are well complimented by the units of Statistics, Agricultural Economics, Computer Applications and Instrumentation. Well equipped farms, laboratories, clinics, workshops glass and green houses, library, ARIS and Informatics fulfil the activities of the University.
Agro-climatic zones with JNKVV
I.       Chhatisgarh plains
III.      Northern hills region of Chhatisgarh
IV.     Kymore plateau and Satpura hills
V.      Vindhyan plateau
VIII.    Bundelkhand
IX.     Satpura plateau

Teaching
Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya has been the seat of Agro-technology and Human Resource Development in Central India. Its prime mission is to impart education in agriculture and its allied sciences so as to provide human resource for combating the future endowers. The University is imparting education at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels in the Faculties of Agriculture and Agricultural Engineering. The Faculty of Agriculture offers two Bachelor's Degree programme (Agriculture and Forestry), through four constituent colleges; Masters degree in thirteen departments and Doctorate degree programme in nine departments apart from Master of Agri-Business Management, vocational course on Dryland Horticulture. The Faculty of Agricultural Engineering offers Bachelor's and Masters and Doctorate Degree in three departments.  The ongoing courses for Bachelor degree programme of Agriculture and Agricultural Engineering are offered as per recommendation of 4th Dean's Committee.  The course curricula of postgraduate programme have been revised as per ICAR guidelines. Each constitution college has well equipped laboratory, instructional farm, library, computer center, and hostel gymnasium facilities. The system of students' counselling is operating to guide them for higher studies, fellowships as well as employment.
Extension
Directorate of Extension is committed to serve farmers through well - organized network. The channels for the transfer of agricultural and allied technologies are the direct approach to the farmers and indirectly by training of the master trainers of the extension agencies who own the responsibilities of transferring them to the ultimate users. The technologies are being transferred to the farmers through demonstrations, training programme, field days, Kisan Melas, print and electronic media, maintaining a close linkage with State Department of Agriculture and other agencies for technological backstopping, covering almost all the districts of the State. With the motto reach the unreached through extension system. Extension of agricultural technologies is strengthened with the functioning of 20 KVKS in all the sixagro-climatic zones under the jurisdiction of the University.

Profiles of constituent colleges of the University
College of Agriculture, Jabalpur

The college was inaugurated by the then Chief Minister, Shri Ravi Shankar Shukla on July 20, 1955. Initially the classes started in the premises of the college of Veterinary Science, Jabalpur. In 1956 the college was shifted to newly constructed building of Boy's hostel.
Dr. Radhelal Gupta took over as Principal in July 1957. The foundation stone of present building of the college was laid down by Shri Kailash Nath Katjoo on December 1957 and was inaugurated by Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru on July 12, 1961.
Since its inception, the college has made significant contribution towards human resource development. It imparts quality education at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. The programmes offered in the faculty of Agriculture include B.Sc. (Ag.)  - 8 semesters, M.Sc. (Ag.) - 4 semesters, M.B.A. (Ag.) - 4 semesters, B.Sc. (Agro-forestry - 8 semesters) and Ph.D (minimum 6 semesters). The college has intake capacity of 60 students each year in B. Sc (Ag) with additional 12 payment seats 5 percent seats for NRI's and foreign students and intake capacity in B.Sc. (Agro-forestry) is 15 students every year. A strong post graduate programme in 13 departments namely Agronomy, Agricultural Economics & Farm Management, Entomology, Extension Education, Horticulture, Plant Breeding & Genetics, Plant Pathology,  Agricultural Biotechnology, Food Science & Technology, Plant Physiology, Agricultural Statistics and MBA, offer students a wider choice to select the favourite line to higher education and research in agriculture. The Ph.D degree programmes is available in eight departments namely Agronomy, Agricultural Economics & Farm Management, Entomology, Extension Education, Plant Breeding & Genetics, Soil Science & Agricultural Chemistry, (4 seats in each) Plant Pathology & Plant Physiology (2 seats in each). In addition to above seats, an equal number of seats is available on payment basis. ICAR nominees are admitted as per existing rule.
Adequate facilities exist at the college to carry out various research and teaching activities. Computer with Internet facility is available in ARIS cell. In addition to the central library, each department has its own library, which takes care of important books and journals.
Extra - curricular activities include participation in NSS, NCC sports and cultural programmes that help in the multi-dimensional development of the students. The Placement Cell and Capsule Course impart proper guidance and training to students to enable them to compete in the worlds of challenges. 
The college is credited with spectacular achievements in basic and applied research. Collaborative research on various crops in respect of variety improvement, productivity enhancement and plant protection are conducted covering vegetables, oilseeds, pulses, fruits, medicinal and aromatic plants etc. the college has linkages with national and international bodies engaged in the field of agricultural research. The total area of Jabalpur campus is 385.15 ha including 26.5 ha under fruit and forest plantations. The net cultivated area available for research and commercial production is 334.40 ha of which, 215.87 ha is under irrigation.

College of Agriculture, Rewa
Established in 1955, this college imparts education in under graduate programme leading to B. Sc (Ag.) degree, with intake capacity of 60 students. Similar to other colleges, additional 12 seats on payment basis and 5% seats for NRI's and foreign nationals are available.  Master's degree programme is available in four departments namely Agronomy (5 seats) Agricultural Economics & Farm Management, Extension Education and Horticulture (4 seats in each). The college has 56.03 ha total area including 25.83 ha under roads and buildings, 0.5 ha under pasture, 5.2 ha under fruit plantations and 24.5 ha under cultivation. Irrigation is available in 13 ha only.
The college has established its reputation for research in fruits specially mango, millets and upland rice. Significant works have been done in rainfed/ dry land agriculture. Equally good facilities of library, sports and laboratories are available at this college.

College of Agriculture, Tikamgarh
A new college of Agriculture has been established at Tikamgarh district with the financial support form Mandi Board and has started functioning from the academic session 2004-05, with the intake capacity of 40 students per annum. In addition, 20% payment seats, 5% NRI seats & 15 % ICAR seats are also available.
College of Agriculture, Ganjbasoda (Vidisha)
On September 23, 2006, the College of Agriculture at Ganjbasoda (Vidisha) in Vindhyan plateau has been sanctioned by State Govt. Under infrastructure development fund of Mandi Board, Bhopal. On approval, the college got functioning from July 2009 with 40 UG students.
Dryland Horticulture Research Training Centre, Garhakota (Sagar)
In view of giving priorities of dryland fruits, a new centre as Dryland Fruit Research Station has been started functioning from July 2007 with the mandate of research and extension. Diploma courses on Nursery Management and Post Harvest Technology have also started at this centre.

College of Agricultural Engineering, Jabalpur
This college was established in the year 1966. Being the sole Agricultural Engineering College in the state, it plays a significant role in education, extension and research in its various fields.
Facilities for pursing U. G. programme leading to B.Tech. is available with intake capacity of 40 students every year with additional 10 seats on payment basis and 10 per cent seats for NRI's and foreign nationals. Post graduate degree programme is available in three departments namely Farm Machinery & Power Engg., Post Harvest Process and Food Engineering, and Soil & water Engineering, (6 seats in each) and equal number of payment seats also exists.       
The institution has developed several designs of agricultural equipment and credited with significant contributions in the field of energy requirement, post harvest technology, renewable energy, watershed management and agro- climatic etc. About 50 machines have been developed and the technical staff has received a number of prestigious awards.